The Giant’s Causeway is an area of 40,000 joined basalt columns which is a result of volcanic eruptions in the Paleocene. It is located in County Antrim on the northeast coast of Northern Ireland, near the city of Bushmills.
It is inscribed on the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites in 1986 as a unique example of the rapid cooling of basaltic lava penetrating through the limestone plateau, by cracking vertically in the form of coupled columns.
Today, this, one of the most popular tourist attraction in Northern Ireland is managed by the State Commission.
Basalt columns are forming a stepped cliff that plunges into the Irish Sea. Most of these columns are hexagonal, although there are columns with four, five, seven and eight sides. The highest are 12 meters high, and the solidified lava in some places is about 28 meters thick. Some parts were given popular names such as “Giant boot”, “Giants eye”, “A Shepherd Steps”, “Honeycomb”, “Giant Harp”, ” Giant Door” and “Camel Hump”…
Legend says that in the middle ages the passage of giants was built by the Irish warrior Finn McCool to fight his Scottish rival giant Benandonner. That is how this place got its name the Giant’s Causeway.
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